These are taken from the detailed iteration reports. “First preference” means the person received a 1 next to their name on the ballot paper, and these are counts of the ‘1’s.
When there are several candidates a complicated mathematical formula is used with second and subsequent preferences to calculate a quota for a candidate to be successful based on the number of available seats.
There has been a lot of discussion in Kapiti about whether STV is better than First Past the Post, used by most councils in the country. Your editors’ view is that despite the difficulty, on balance it is.